Shoulder and Arm Injuries


Shoulder and Arm Injuries

Alexandria accident lawyer Gerald Schwartz is an experienced Virginia shoulder and arm injury lawyer. He has the unique ability to explain shoulder and arm injuries to insurance adjusters and jurors. Join him for a guided tour of the anatomy of your shoulder and upper arm.

Understanding Accidental Shoulder Injuries Caused by
Car, Truck and Motorcycle Accidents

Debbie tore the labrum in her right shoulder in a Manassas, Virginia car accident on Sudley Road.

Auto collisions are a major source of personal injury to the shoulder and arm. Understanding how our shoulder is put together will help you understand your injuries.

The shoulder is made up of three bones -- the humerus (upper arm bone); the scapula (shoulder blade); and the clavicle (collar bone). They are held together by muscles, tendons, ligaments and a joint capsule.

The upper arm is called the “humerus.” The top (head) of the humerus is shaped like a round ball. The round ball of the humerus fits into the “glenoid” - a cup-shaped socket of the scapula (shoulder blade). This ball and socket joint is named after its two parts - the glenoid socket and the humerus - and is called the “gleno-humeral joint.” Since the cup of the glenoid socket is shallow, the gleno-humeral joint is stabilized by a cuff of cartilage inside the glenoid socket, which is called the “labrum.” The biceps muscle in our upper arm is attached to the shoulder by the biceps tendon. A complete tear of the biceps tendon results in biceps rupture. A tear the glenoid results in a “Bankart tear” (also called “lesion”) which is associated with shoulder dislocation; and a “SLAP tear” which is associated with biceps tendon problems.

Injuries to the Shoulder and Upper Arm

Personal injuries to the shoulder and upper arm caused by car crashes include:

  • Fracture of the humerus (upper arm bone)
  • Fracture of the scapula (shoulder blade)
  • Fracture of the clavicle (collar bone)
  • Fracture of the glenoid (socket)
  • Dislocation of the gleno-humeral joint (ball forced out of socket)
  • Tear of the labrum
  • SLAP tear of the labrum
  • Bankart lesion (tear of the labrum)
  • Biceps tendon tear
  • Biceps rupture
  • Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)

To learn more about fracture injuries click “Bone Fractures.

The AC Joint of the Shoulder: Vulnerable
to Personal Injury From Car Accidents

The top of the clavicle (shoulder blade) is called the “acromion.” The clavicle (collar bone) meets the acromion at a joint called the “AC joint” (shorthand for the acromio clavicular joint). The AC joint is a lubricated gliding joint found at the top of the shoulder. It is held together by a capsule. The clavicle is held in position by two ligaments (A ligament is like a cable holding bones together.). Due to its position at the top of the shoulder, the AC joint is vulnerable to injury.

Accidental Injuries of the AC Joint of the Shoulder

  • Fracture of the acromion
  • Fracture of the clavicle (collar bone)
  • AC joint separation (dislocation)
  • Torn ligament


Manassas shoulder and arm injury lawyer Gerald Schwartz has special insight into shoulder and arm injuries from fractures, to ligament tears, to AC joint injuries. He understands the mechanism of your shoulder and arm injury and why you are having pain and disability. Virginia personal injury lawyer Gerald Schwartz has 30 years experience handling shoulder and arm injuries from car, truck and motorcycle accidents across Northern Virginia, including Alexandria and Manassas accidents. To learn more about your shoulder/arm injury and your legal options, call Gerald Schwartz for a free consultation at 1-800-423-0055.